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PALESTINE, January 27, 2014-- Diabetes is a condition that does not allow the body to utilize insulin. In the past 15 years, great advances have been made to understand how insulin is used to help with the removal of glucose from the blood. Although there are other treatments for diabetes, diet and exercise have long been used as successful methods to control glucose levels; however, it is only recently that we have begun to understand why such treatments are effective.
People with Type 2 Diabetes do not produce enough insulin or the cells are resistant to it, therefore glucose levels in the blood are high. This resistance occurs in the tissues of the body where glucose is taken from the blood. These tissues include muscle and fat; since muscles make up about 40 percent of our body weight, they use the most insulin. Resistance to insulin means that glucose levels will rise in the blood because glucose has difficulty getting inside cells.
Muscles are unique; they have barely enough usable energy stored inside their cells to perform even the simplest movement. At best, there is only about two seconds worth of usable energy to perform everyday tasks such as sitting or walking; therefore, muscles need a constant supply of fuel that can be easily converted to usable muscle energy. For example, exercising works muscles, so they need added fuel to make more usable energy. Glucose is one of the “fuels” that muscles use; without that fuel, muscles cannot work properly.
Not only has exercise been proven to help prevent many diseases, it has now been established that it can aid in the control and prevention of diabetes by improving the absorption of glucose by muscle cells.
Information provided by the Palestine Resource Center for Independent Living, 421 Avenue A, Palestine, Texas, 903-729-7505.
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